Queen Victoria

Other names: 
Alexandrina Victoria

Born on the 24th May 1819 at Kensington Palace, Victoria was the only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coberg-Saalfeld. Not long after her birth, Victoria's father died making her heir to the throne ahead of her three uncles as they had no living legitimate heirs.

In 1837, William IV died and Victoria succeeded him at the age of 18. In 1840, Queen Victoria married Prince Albert and they had nine children. Most of their children were married into other royal families of Europe.

Queen Victoria’s reign is associated with Britain’s great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and worldwide empire. As well this, she began the Hanoverian royal family links with
highland Scotland. The Queen and Prince Albert made their first visit to Scotland in 1842.

In 1848 they bought the Balmoral Estate in Aberdeenshire. In the 1850s they rebuilt the castle and from then on they visited on a yearly retreat.

In 1861, Albert died from typhoid fever leaving the Queen devastated and she withdrew from public life for many years. She would spend the summer months at Balmoral and in that time she became close friends with one of the estate attendants, John Brown. When he died in 1883, the queen mourned deeply and erected a memorial to him at Balmoral.

With a thriving empire, in 1877 Queen Victoria was named Empress of India. In the following 20 years she celebrated being the longest reigning monarch in the history of the British Isles, her Golden Jubilee in 1887 and her Diamond Jubilee in 1897.

Queen Victoria died in 1901 at Osborne House on the Isle of Wight. She was laid to rest next to Prince Albert at Windsor Castle.