Princess Louise, 9th Duchess of Argyll

Title: 
Her Royal Highness, Marchioness of Lorne, 9th Duchess of Argyll
Other names: 
Louisa Caroline Alberta (House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)
Dates: 
18th March 1848 – 3rd December 1939

Louisa Caroline Alberta, The Princess Louise, was born on 18th March 1848 at Buckingham Palace, the sixth child of Queen Victoria and Albert, Prince Consort.

Louise had eight brothers and sisters: Victoria Adelaide Mary Louise (1840 - 1901), Edward Albert (1841 - 1910), Edward who became Edward VII (9 November 1841 - 6th May 1910), Alice Maud Mary (1843 - 1878), Alfred Ernest Albert (1844 - 1900), Helena Augusta Victoria (1846 - 1923), Arthur William Patrick Albert (1850 - 1942), Leopold George Duncan Albert (1853 - 1884), Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodore (1856 - 1944).

She had a varied education which included cooking, farming, household tasks and carpentry. She was very artistic and became a talented painter and sculptor, being allowed to participate in classes. She spent part of her childhood on the Isle of Wight after her father died. For several years before her marriage Louise acted as secretary to her mother.

On 21st March 1871 she married John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, Marquis of Lorne, later 9th Duke of Argyll, at Windsor Castle. Members of the 91st Argyllshire Regiment formed an honour guard at the wedding and the following year was renamed the 91st (Princess Louise's Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot.

In 1878, when John was appointed Governor General of Canada, they spent some time there. Louise had an active life and participated in skating, dancing, fishing and sleighriding. On their return she continued to support Canada by sending medical aid to treat the injured on both sides of the conflict, the North-West Rebellion. The province of Alberta was named in her honour, as was Lake Louise (Alberta), the villages of Caroline and Alberta, and Mount Alberta.

The couple had no children and had a difficult relationship which improved over time, though her name was linked to many alleged affairs. Louise carried out many public duties and supported the Suffragist movement.

She died 3 December 1939 at Kensington Palace when she was 91 years old.

Images: 
Her Royal Highness, Princess Louisa Caroline Alberta 9th Duchess of Argyll
Sources
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
Internet Encyclopedia page - biography
91st (Argyllshire Highlanders) Regiment of Foot
Internet Encyclopedia page