Jane Haining

Other names: 
Jane Mathison Haining

Jane Matheson Haining was born at Lochenhead Farm, Dunscore, Dumfriesshire. After education at Dumfries Academy, she worked as a secretary at J. & P. Coats, Paisley, attending the United Free Church, Queen’s Park West, Pollockshields.

She trained in missionary work, travelled to Hungary and became matron in the Girls’ Home of the Jewish Mission Girls’ Home in Budapest. She visited Dunscore for the last time in 1939 and returned to Budapest, against Church of Scotland advice, saying that if the children needed her in days of sunshine, they had much more need of her in days of darkness.

When Hungary was occupied, Jane Haining was arrested by the Gestapo in April 1944 and taken to Auschwitz, the death camp in Poland. She died on or about 17 July 1944.

Her life is commemorated in the Garden of the Righteous at Yad Vashem in Jerusalem, the only Scot to be so honoured.

Sources
The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women
Based on an entry by Alison Twaddle